Swim, Bike and Run in Goa
Swimming in clean and clear waters off Goa's beaches, biking on palm-fringed roads and running in a relaxed atmosphere... Welcome to Goa, India's Holiday HQ, where endurance events like the triathlon take on an unhurried charm that is all their own.
The Goa Triathlon Association is affiliated to the Indian Triathlon Federation (ITF), the Sports Authority of Goa (SAG) and the Goa Olympic Association (GOA). It regulates the sport in India's smallest state.
Triathlon is an endurance sport involving three disciplines — swimming, cycling and running — events start with a swim, followed by a bicycle ride and completed by a run, over stipulated distances. There may be triathlons with the disciplines completed in another order, but there cannot be a break between disciplines.
Other events based on a combination of some of the same disciplines as triathlon are 'Aquathlon' (swim and run) and Duathlons (run, cycle, run). Participants in a triathlon are called 'Triathletes'.
Triathlon started in the 1970s, when the San Diego Track Club came up with the idea of an alternative workout in their track running program. The first event was a 10km run, 8km cycle and 500-metre swim. Soon, triathlons were being held in many places in the world.
The first triathlon in India was in 1990. There were many different distances in triathlon, but the two most popular and enduring distances are the 'Olympic Triathlon', comprising a 1.5km swim, 40km cycle followed by 10km run, and the 'Ironman Triathlon', which has a 3.8km swim, 180km cycle followed by a full marathon of 42.2km. The Olympic Triathlon came from events that were already part of the Olympic programme.
The major event for athletes competing over this distance is the Triathlon World Championship. The first World Triathlon Championship was held in Avignon, France, in 1989.
In 1994, Triathlon was awarded 'Full Medal Status' by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and made its debut in the 2000 Olympics held in Sydney. Triathlon made its Commonwealth Games debut in 2002, at Manchester in Great Britain.
The World Championship, Olympics, Commonwealth Games, the World Cup Series and the Asian Championship are all raced over the Olympic Triathlon distance.
The first Ironman Triathlon (and still the most popular Ironman) is the Hawaii Ironman. This event is held each year in Kona, Hawaii. Ironman events are held around the world for triathletes to qualify for this event. Ironman is governed by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC) based in the USA, a privately run organization which licences and oversees Ironman events around the world.
Indian Triathlon Federation
The Goa Triathlon Association is affiliated to the Indian Triathlon Federation (ITF), the national federation for the sport of Triathlon in India. Based in Chennai, the ITF is the controlling body for Triathlons in India.
The worldwide governing body of Triathlon is the International Triathlon Union (ITU). Founded in Avignon, France the ITU consists of over 100 member national federations around the world; India is also a member. The ITU is responsible to its member federations for the conduct of all triathlons throughout the world, with the exception of Ironman events.